MPEG-4 vs AVC/H.264 vs MP4. What is the difference?

  1. MPEG-4 Part 2 Visual (ISO/IEC 14496–2) is a video coding standard released in 1999 as MPEG-4 video codec;
  2. MPEG-4 Part 10 Advanced Video Coding (ISO/IEC 14496–10) is a video coding standard released in 2003 as AVC/H.264 video codec;
  3. MPEG-4 Part 14 (ISO/IEC 14496–14): MP4 file format is a media container. It determines a method of storage rather than a compression algorithm.
History of video codecs development
  • H.261–1990 by VCEG
  • MPEG-1–1991 by MPEG
  • H.263–1995 by VCEG
  • MPEG-2–1996 by MPEG
  • MPEG-4 part 2–1999 by MPEG
  • AVC — 2003 by JVET (MPEG+VCEG)
  • VC-1–2003 by Microsoft
  • AVS1–2006 by Audio and Video coding standard workgroup of China
  • VP8–2008 by Google
  • VP9–2013 by Google
  • HEVC — 2013 by JVET
  • AVS2–2016 by Audio and Video coding standard workgroup of China
  • AV1–2018 by Alliance for open media (Google, IBM, Amazon, Intel, Netflix, Cisco, Mozilla, etc.)
  • AVS3 part 1–2019 by Audio and Video coding standard workgroup of China
  • VVC/H.266–2020 by JVET
  • EVC — 2020 by MPEG
  • LCEVC — 2020 by MPEG
  • AVS3 part 2–2022 by Audio and Video coding standard workgroup of China

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Elecard Company

Leading provider of components and software products for analysis, monitoring, encoding, decoding and streaming digital video and audio data.